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The Ancestry of Oliver Mainwaring: Trafford


1 Henry (I) de Trafford = Agnes ____
2 Henry (II) de Trafford = Margery Ince
3 Henry Trafford (III) = Elizabeth Radclyffe
4 Edmund Trafford = Alice Venables
5 John Trafford = Elizabeth Assheton
6 Edmund Trafford = Margaret Savage
7 Margaret Trafford = Thomas Gerard
8 Sir Thomas Gerard (Jr.) = Jane Legh
9 Katherine Gerard = William Torbock
10 Margaret Torbock = Oliver Mainwaring (I)
11 Oliver Mainwaring (II) = Prudence Esse
12 Oliver Mainwaring (III) = Hannah Raymond


The early history of this family was the subject of a controversy between John Horace Round and W.H.B. Bird.[1] There is an elaborate pedigree of this family in the Lancashire Visitation of 1664-65,[2] and a brief one in that of 1533.[3] PA3, pp. 715-16, includes gives this line from the generation of Edmund Trafford (d. 1513-14) onward, and gives the descent of his wife, Margaret Savage, from Henry II.


1.  Henry de Trafford (I), m. Agnes ____.

2.  Henry de Trafford (II), lord of Trafford, in Manchester, co. Lancaster, and presumably also of two-thirds of the manor of Edgeworth, in Bolton-le-Moors, co. Lancaster, d. between 1373 and 1376.[4] He m. (as her first husband) Margery Ince, d. Jan. 1417, who married secondly Ralph de Radclyffe, an ancestor of Oliver Mainwaring by a previous marriage. She was a daughter of Robert Ince.[5] This couple was ancestral to Oliver Mainwaring in two different lines:

  • through their son Henry, below;
  • through their daughter Joan, wife of John Booth, of Barton.

3.  Henry Trafford (III), lord of Trafford, in Manchester, co. Lancaster, b. 1353-68 (he was a minor when he succeeded his father in the Trafford estates between 1373 and 1376, but reached his majority by 1389), d. 1395, seised of Trafford and two-thirds of the manor of Edgeworth, in Bolton-le-Moors, co. Lancaster, and leaving a son and heir Henry (IV), aged 6 years, who d. young in 1408.[6] He m. by 1389, his step-sister, Elizabeth Radclyffe, d. 1432 and buried in St. Nicholas’ Chapel of Trafford, Manchester, daughter of Sir Ralph Radclyffe, of Ordsall, by the latter’s first wife, ____ Massey, daughter of Sir John Massey, of Tatton. She m. (2) Sir Ralph Staveley.[7]

4.  Edmund Trafford, “The Alchemist,” lord of the manor of Trafford, in Manchester, co. Lancaster, b. 1390-93, knighted at Whitsuntide 1426, d. 24 Jan. 1457/8, brother and heir of Henry Trafford (IV) (who d.s.p. 1408). Edmund Trafford, in company with Sir Thomas Assheton (father of Elizabeth Assheton, who married Edmund’s son John), was granted a licence from the crown dated 9 March 1446 (24 Hen. VI), “encouraging [them] … to pursue their experiments in alchemy, and forbidding any subject of the king to molest them” (in the words of a modern paraphrase).[8] He m. 1411 at Eccles (they having been betrothed in 1409 as children), Alice Venables, b. ca. 1398 (as she is said to have been aged 11 at her marriage), sister and coheiress of Richard venables, and eldest daughter and eventual coheiress of Sir William Venables, of Bollin, co. Chester.[9] She brought her husband one half of the Bollin fee in Cheshire.

5.  John Trafford, lord of the manor of Trafford, in Manchester, co. Lancaster, b. after 1408, knighted about 1444, d. 20 Jan. 1488/9, seised of the manor of Trafford and two-thirds of the manor of Edgeworth, in Bolton-le-Moors, co. Lancaster.[10] He m. Elizabeth Assheton, daughter of Thomas Assheton, Knt., of Ashton-under-Lyne, co. Lancaster, “The Alchemist,” by Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Byron.

6.  Edmund Trafford, Knight of the Bath (1493), lord of the manor of Trafford, in Manchester, co. Lancaster, b. about 1453 (aged 36 years at the death of his father in 1489), d. 15 Aug. 1513 (or 1514?), leaving three sons and two daughters. He m. (as her second husband) after 1480, Margaret Savage, living Aug. 1513 (she outlived her second husband), widow of John Hondford, of Honford or Hondford, who d. about 1480, and daughter of John Savage (III), of “Rock Savage” at Clifton, in the parish of Runcorn, co. Chester, by Thomas Stanley, Knt., of Lathom and Knowlsey, co., Lancaster, Lieutenant of Ireland, Chamberlain of North Wales, 1st Lord Stanley.

7.  Margaret (or Margery) Trafford, d. 10 May 1540. She m. (1) 1492, Nicholas Longford, of Longford, co. Derby. She m. (3) John Port (or Porte), Knt., of Etwall, co. Derby, Justice of the King’s Bench. She m. Thomas Gerard, Knt., of Byrn in Winwick and of Ashton, co. Lancaster, of Bromley, co. Stafford, and of Hooton, co. Chester, b. about 1488 (aged 6 years at the death of his father in 1494), slain 7 Nov. 1523 fighting the Scots at Berwick-upon-Tweed, dying testate (will dated 13 Sept. 1522) and apparently v.p.; son of Peter Gerard, of Kingsley and Burn, by Margaret, daughter of Thomas Stanley, Knt., of Hooton, co. Chester. See GERARD for the continuation of the line.


Notes

1See J.H. Round, Peerage Studies, x, 65; W.H.B. Bird, “The Trafford Legend,” The Ancestor, nos. 9 (April 1904): 65-82; J. Horace Round, “The Trafford Legend,” Ibid. no. 10 (July 1904): 73-82; and W.H.B. Bird, “Mr. Round and the Trafford Legend,” Ibid. no. 12 (Jan. 1905): 52-51.
2The Visitation of the County Palatine of Lancaster made in the year 1664-5 by Sir William Dugdale, ed. the Rev. F.R. Raines, in 3 “parts” (Remains Historical and Literary connected with the Palatine Counties of Lancaster and Chester, published by the Chetham Society, vols. 84 [1872], 85 [1872], & 88 [1873]), &ldqup;part” 3, pp. 315-18.
3The Visitation of Lancashire and a part of Cheshire made in the twenty-fourth year of the reign of King Henry the Eighth, A.D. 1533, ed. William Langton, in 2 “parts” (Remains Historical and Literary connected with the Palatine Counties of Lancaster and Chester, published by the Chetham Society, vols. 98 [1876] & 110 [1882]), &ldqup;part” 1, pp. 66-69.
4V.C.H. Lancashire 4:331-32; 5:281.
5V.C.H. Lancashire 4:332 n. 44; Roskell, The Knights of the Shire for the County Palatine of Lancaster, 1377-1460, 87, 128.
6V.C.H. Lancashire 4:331-32; 5:281.
7V.C.H. Lancashire 4:332 n. 43; Roskell, The Knights of the Shire for the County Palatine of Lancaster, 1377-1460, p. 110 (s.v. Sir Ralph Staveley).
8DNB, s.v. “Aston or Assheton, Sir Thomas de,” citing Rot. Pat. 2, no. 14 (our source of the paraphrase); Cunliffe (ed.), Pages from the Life of John Sparling of Petton, chart at end, and p. 131 (where however the name is misprinted as Henry Trafford), citing James Croston, County Families of Lancashire and Cheshire (Manchester, 1887); Adam McLean, posting dated 27 July 1999 to Alchemy Academy, available online at http://www.levity.com/alchemy/a-archive_jul99.html, citing Oxford Bodleian MS Add. C. 125. See also V.C.H. Lancashire 4:332.
9Langton, in his valuable annotations on the 1533 visitation, cited above, writes (pp. 67-68) of the father of William Venables: “Richard [Venables], a second son of the Baron of Kinderton, had married Joan, heiress of her brother Richard Fitton, and daughter of Hamon Fitton, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter, and one of the seven coheiresses of Sir Peter Thornton and his wife Lucy, daughter and heiress of Sir William Helsby. Hamon Fitton was the grandson of John Fitton, who had married Ceclia, daughter and coheiress of Sir Hamon de Massy, Baron of Dunham.”
10V.C.H. Lancashire 4:332.

The content of this page first appeared in the form of an ancestor table, under the now-defunct URL http://cybrary.uwinnipeg.ca/people/dobson/genealogy/AT/view_AT.cfm?ID=29, on 21 August 2002
This version was last revised 16 February 2005